Liste d'écorégions indonésiennes


Liste d'écorégions indonésiennes

La liste ci-dessous est celle des écorégions d'Indonésie.

L'Indonésie est à cheval sur deux grandes écozones terrestres. La ligne Wallace, qui passe entre les îles de Bornéo et Sulawesi, et entre celles de Bali et Lombok, sépare ces deux écozones.

Sommaire

Terrestrial

Sundaland bioregion

Article principal : Sundaland.

Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests

  • Borneo lowland rain forests (Borneo)
  • Borneo montane rain forests (Borneo)
  • Borneo peat swamp forests (Borneo)
  • Eastern Java-Bali montane rain forests (Bali, Java)
  • Eastern Java-Bali rain forests (Bali, Java)
  • Mentawai Islands rain forests (Mentawai Islands)
  • Peninsular Malaysian montane rain forests (Malay peninsula)
  • Peninsular Malaysian peat swamp forests (Malay peninsula)
  • Peninsular Malaysian rain forests (Anambas Islands, Malay peninsula)
  • Southwest Borneo freshwater swamp forests (Borneo)
  • Sumatran freshwater swamp forests (Sumatra)
  • Sumatran lowland rain forests (Sumatra, Nias, Bangka Island)
  • Sumatran montane rain forests (Sumatra)
  • Sumatran peat swamp forests (Sumatra)
  • Sundaland heath forests (Indonesia)
  • Western Java montane rain forests (Java)
  • Western Java rain forests (Java)

Tropical and subtropical coniferous forests

  • Sumatran tropical pine forests (Sumatra)

Montane grasslands and shrublands

  • Kinabalu montane alpine meadows (Borneo)

Mangroves

Wallacea bioregion

Article principal : Wallacea.

Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests

  • Banda Sea Islands moist broadleaf forests (Kai Islands, Tanimbar Islands)
  • Buru rain forests (Buru)
  • Halmahera rain forests (Halmahera, Morotai, Obi Islands, Bacan Island)
  • Seram rain forests (Seram, Ambon Island, Saparua)
  • Sulawesi lowland rain forests (Sulawesi, Banggai Islands, Sula Islands, Sangihe Islands, Talaud Islands)
  • Sulawesi montane rain forests (Sulawesi)

Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests

  • Lesser Sundas deciduous forests (Lombok, Sumbawa, Komodo, Flores, Alor)
  • Sumba deciduous forests (Sumba)
  • Timor and Wetar deciduous forests (Timor, Barat Daya Islands, Banda Islands, Babar Island, Leti Islands)

New Guinea bioregion

Article principal : Ecoregions of New Guinea.

Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests

  • Biak-Numfoor rain forests
  • Central Range montane rain forests
  • Japen rain forests
  • Northern New Guinea lowland rain and freshwater swamp forests
  • Northern New Guinea montane rain forests
  • Southern New Guinea freshwater swamp forests
  • Southern New Guinea lowland rain forests
  • Vogelkop montane rain forests
  • Vogelkop-Aru lowland rain forests

Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands

  • Trans Fly savanna and grasslands

Montane grasslands and shrublands

  • Central Range sub-alpine grasslands

Mangrove

  • New Guinea mangroves

Références

  • Wikramanayake, Eric; Eric Dinerstein; Colby J. Loucks; et al. (2002). Terrestrial Ecoregions of the Indo-Pacific: a Conservation Assessment. Island Press; Washington, DC.

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Contenu soumis à la licence CC-BY-SA. Source : Article Liste d'écorégions indonésiennes de Wikipédia en français (auteurs)