Amalekites

Amalécites

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Les Amalécites étaient une tribu de nomades édomites mentionnée dans la Bible, descendants d'Amalek, et qui occupaient un territoire correspondant au sud de la Judée, entre l'Idumée, l'Égypte et le désert du Sinaï.

Selon la Bible, ils furent toujours acharnés contre les Hébreux, qui à leur tour les regardaient comme une race maudite. Dieu ordonna à Saül de les exterminer. Ce roi leur déclara la guerre et les défit. Mais, contre la défense de Dieu, il pardonna à Agag, leur roi : cette désobéissance lui fit perdre sa couronne, qui fut transportée à David.

Par la suite, ainsi que le raconte le livre d'Esther, les exilés du premier Temple auront à pâtir des volontés génocidaires d'Haman, fils de Hamedata, descendant d'Agag, roi des Amalécites.

Dans le judaïsme, les Amalécites représentent l'ennemi archétypal des Juifs.

Source

« Amalécites », dans Marie-Nicolas Bouillet et Alexis Chassang [sous la dir. de], Dictionnaire universel d’histoire et de géographie, 1878 [détail des éditions]  (Wikisource)

Ce document provient de « Amal%C3%A9cites ».

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Contenu soumis à la licence CC-BY-SA. Source : Article Amalekites de Wikipédia en français (auteurs)

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  • AMALEKITES — (Heb.עֲמָלֵק), people of the Negev and the adjoining desert, a hereditary enemy of Israel from wilderness times to the early monarchy (Exod. 17:8–16; Judg. 3:13; 6:3; 10:12; I Sam. 14:48; ch. 15; ch. 30). Amalek, a son of Esau s son Eliphaz (Gen …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Amalekites — adj. pertaining to the ancient nomadic tribe of Amalek, member of the Amalekites n. member of the ancient nomadic tribe which descended from Amalek and inhabited the land of Canaan during Biblical times …   English contemporary dictionary

  • AMALEKITES —    a warlike race of the Sinaitic peninsula, which gave much trouble to the Israelites in the wilderness; were as good as annihilated by King David …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Amalekites — A nomadic people, whose ancestor was regarded by the Hebrews as Esau (Gen. 36:15–16), and who occupied part of the Promised Land before the arrival of the Israelites to dispossess them (Exod. 17:8–16). They disappear from historical records after …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • AMALEKITES —    one of the peoples mentioned in the HEBREW BIBLE who were bitter enemies of the ISRAELITES …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Amalekites (Book of Mormon) — First mentioned in the missionary chapters of the sons of Mosiah, the Amalekites of The Book of Mormon are described as a group of Nephite apostates (Book of Mormon index, Alma 43:13). They are credited with building the city of Jerusalem in the… …   Wikipedia

  • Mount of the Amalekites —    A place near Pirathon (q.v.), in the tribe of Ephraim (Judg. 12:15) …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Amalek — The Amalekites are a people mentioned a number of times in the Hebrew Bible. They are considered to be descended from an ancestor Amalek. According to the Book of Genesis and 1 Chronicles, Amalek (Hebrew: עֲמָלֵק, Modern Amalek… …   Wikipedia

  • Herem — For the same Hebrew word, when used to mean a form of excommunication, see Cherem. Herem or cherem (Hebrew: חרם, ḥērem), as used in the Hebrew Bible, means ‘devote’ or ‘destroy’.[1] It is also referred to as the ban. The term has been explained… …   Wikipedia

  • 1 Samuel 15 — 1 Samuel also said unto Saul, The LORD sent me to anoint thee to be king over his people, over Israel: now therefore hearken thou unto the voice of the words of the LORD. 2 Thus saith the LORD of hosts, I remember that which Amalek did to Israel …   The King James version of the Bible

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