Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act


Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act

La loi Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act (GINA) est une loi américaine qui interdit aux agences d'assurances maladies et aux employeurs l'usage impropre d'informations génétiques de particuliers. Elle interdit aux assureurs de refuser une couverture maladie à un individu en bonne santé ou de lui imposer des premiums plus élevés sur la seule base d'information génétique. Elle interdit aux employeurs de se baser sur une information génétique pour embaucher, renvoyer, muter ou promouvoir un employé[1].

La loi a été passée à l'unanimité au sénat (95-0) et à l'unanimité moins une voix (414-1), celle de Ron Paul, à la Chambre des représentants des États-Unis. Le président en exercice, George W. Bush, a signé la loi, en accord avec les pratiques législatives américaines, le 21 mai 2008.

Réactions

Le sénateur Ted Kennedy s'est félicité de cette loi, la qualifiant de première loi d'importance pour la protection des droits de l'individu du 21e siècle[2]

Notes et références



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