Federal Information Processing Standard

Federal Information Processing Standard

Les Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) sont des standards publics développés et annoncés par le gouvernement des États-Unis pour l'usage des agences gouvernementales non militaires et entrepreneurs gouvernementaux (government contractors). Beaucoup de standards FIPS sont des versions modifiées des standards ANSI, IEEE, ISO, etc.

Quelques standards FIPS ont été originellement développés par le gouvernement des États-Unis. Par exemple, les standards pour encoder des données (ex : code pays), mais plus significativement, des algorithmes de chiffrement tel que Data Encryption Standard (DES) (FIPS 46) et Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) (FIPS 197).

Exemples de standards FIPS :

  • FIPS 10-4 : Liste des codes de pays et des codes de régions
  • Code de pays (FIPS 6-4)
  • Code des états (FIPS 5-2)

Ils sont similaires ou comparables à (mais non identiques à) l'ISO 3166, ou le standard NUTS de l'Union européenne.

Liens externes

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Contenu soumis à la licence CC-BY-SA. Source : Article Federal Information Processing Standard de Wikipédia en français (auteurs)

См. также в других словарях:

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