Chutzpah


Chutzpah

Chutzpah (xʊtspə) est une forme d'audace, en bien ou en mal. Le mot provient de l'hébreu ḥuṣpâ (חֻצְפָּה), qui signifie "insolence", "audace" et "impertinence". Dans l'usage moderne, il a pris un éventail plus large de significations.

En hébreu, le mot chutzpah marque une indignation envers quelqu'un qui a dépassé outrageusement et sans vergogne les bornes du comportement acceptable.

L'exemple classique est celui d'un homme qui reconnu coupable du meurtre de ses parents, réclame l'indulgence du jury car il est maintenant orphelin.

En Yiddish et en anglais, le mot a des connotations ambivalentes, voire positives. Chutzpah peut être utilisé pour exprimer l'admiration envers un culot non-conformiste.

Le mot est aussi passé du yiddish au polonais ("hucpa") et à l'allemand ("Chuzpe"), il désigne l'arrogance, l'audace, et l'absence de honte.


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  • chutzpah — also hutzpah, 1892, from Yiddish khutspe impudence, gall. from Heb. hutspah. The classic definition is that given by Leo Rosten: that quality enshrined in a man who, having killed his mother and father, throws himself on the mercy of the court… …   Etymology dictionary

  • chutzpah — [n] fearlessness arrogance, audacity, backbone*, balls*, boldness, brass, gall, nerve, spine*; concept 633 …   New thesaurus

  • chutzpah — ► NOUN informal ▪ shameless audacity. ORIGIN Yiddish …   English terms dictionary

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  • chutzpah — chutzpa chutzpa, chutzpah chutzpah . [Yiddish khutzpa.] aggressive boldness or unmitigated effrontery; gall; as, he had the chutzpah to question my decision. [Also spelled {hutzpa}, and {hutzpah}.] Syn: audacity, audaciousness. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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