United Mine Workers of America


United Mine Workers of America

L'United Mine Workers of America (« Syndicat des travailleurs miniers d'Amérique (du Nord) ») est un syndicat nord-américain qui représente les employés du secteur minier. Créé le 22 janvier 1890 à Columbus dans l'Ohio, l'UMWA a joué un rôle essentiel dans l'émergence des libertés syndicales aux États-Unis, notamment lors de la présidence de John L. Lewis entre 1920 et 1960. Pendant le New Deal de Franklin D. Roosevelt, et lors de l'adoption du National Industrial Recovery Act en 1933, les syndiqués se sont répandus dans l'ensemble du territoire des États-Unis, finissant par représenter la plupart des employés des mines de charbon.


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