Red scare

Red scare

Peur rouge

Illustration de 1919 représentant un « anarchiste européen» s'attaquant à la statue de la liberté.

La « Peur rouge » (de l'anglais Red Scare) désigne deux périodes anticommunistes de l'histoire des États-Unis. La première débute avec la Révolution russe de 1917 et se termine en 1920. La seconde, le maccarthisme, se déroule dans les années 1950 dans le contexte de la « guerre froide ». Ces périodes sont caractérisées par la criminalisation de l'opinion politique communiste et anarchiste ainsi que la crainte généralisée d'une infiltration communiste au sein du gouvernement américain.

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