Japanese Industrial Standard

L’acronyme JIS (Japanese Industrial Standard, « norme industrielle japonaise ») fait en fait référence à tous les normes industrielles japonaises.

Il est le plus souvent utilisé dans l’expression « codage JIS » pour désigner différents codages de caractères de la langue japonaise :

  • Un jeu de caractères standards pour le japonais, notamment :
    • JIS X 0201, la version japonaise de l’ISO 646 : 〄 .
    • JIS X 0208, le jeu de caractères de type kanji le plus commun et contenant 6 879 kanji.
  • JIS X 0202 (aussi connu sous le nom ISO-2022-JP), un mécanisme de codage de caractères utilisé pour envoyer des données JIS à travers un médium de 7-bit.

En pratique, le « codage JIS » fait habituellement référence à des données de type JIS X 0208 encodée avec JIS X 0202.

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