Actus reus

Actus reus est le terme latin signifiant l'acte de culpabilité (l'élément externe ou objectif d'une infraction criminelle). C'est un élément essentiel dans la détermination d'un crime. Ainsi, lorsqu'aucun doute raisonnable ne subsiste par suite de la démonstration de la preuve, l'acte de culpabilité, prouvé de concert avec l'intention de l'individu de commettre une infraction criminelle (mens rea), crée la responsabilité criminelle de l'accusé dans les juridictions criminelles qui suivent le système de la common law (Canada, Australie, Nouvelle-Zélande, États-Unis, Royaume-Uni, Irlande).

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  • actus reus — ac·tus re·us / ak təs rē əs, äk tu̇s rā u̇s/ n [New Latin, guilty deed]: the wrongful act that makes up the physical action of a crime see also crime compare mens rea Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996 …   Law dictionary

  • Actus reus — sometimes called the external element or the objective element of a crime, is the Latin term for the guilty act which, when proved beyond a reasonable doubt in combination with the mens rea , guilty mind , produces criminal liability in the comm …   Wikipedia

  • actus reus — /asktas riyas/ The guilty act. A wrongful deed which renders the actor criminally liable if combined with mens rea. The actus reus is the physical aspect of a crime, whereas the mens rea (guilty mind) involves the intent factor. Actus servi in… …   Black's law dictionary

  • actus reus — /asktas riyas/ The guilty act. A wrongful deed which renders the actor criminally liable if combined with mens rea. The actus reus is the physical aspect of a crime, whereas the mens rea (guilty mind) involves the intent factor. Actus servi in… …   Black's law dictionary

  • actus reus — /æktəs ˈreɪəs/ (say aktuhs rayuhs) noun Law the act or series of acts which constitute a crime, as opposed to the intention of the accused. See mens rea. {New Latin actus deed + reus guilty} …   Australian English dictionary

  • actus reus — noun a physical act that attracts criminal sanctions. See Also: mens rea …   Wiktionary

  • actus reus — criminal act, physical component of a criminal act …   English contemporary dictionary

  • actus reus — [ˌaktəs reɪəs] noun Law action or conduct which is a constituent element of a crime, as opposed to the mental state of the accused. Compare with mens rea. Origin L., lit. guilty act …   English new terms dictionary

  • actus reus — noun activity that transgresses moral or civil law he denied any wrongdoing • Syn: ↑wrongdoing, ↑wrongful conduct, ↑misconduct • Derivationally related forms: ↑misconduct (for: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • non est reus nisi mens sit rea — /non est riyas naysay menz sit riya/ One is not guilty unless his intention be guilty. This maxim is much criticized and is only applicable when the absence of intent reduces the seriousness of the crime. See actus non facit reum, etc.; mens rea …   Black's law dictionary

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