Balthazar Gerbier

Sir Balthazar Gerbier, né à Middelburg, en Zélande, le 23 février 1592, mort à Hampstead Marshall, Berkshire, en 1663[1], est un homme de cour anglo-néerlandais, diplomate, conseiller artistique, miniaturiste et architecte.

Vie et œuvre

Gerbier eut pour patron George Villiers, premier duc de Buckingham, qui le chargea de lui trouver des peintures pour sa collection et d'en négocier l'achat. Il servit de curateur aux collections du duc et exécuta plusieurs miniatures pour lui. À la mort de Buckingham, il entra au service du roi Charles Ier d'Angleterre. Le musée Victoria et Albert, de Londres, possède un dessin préliminaire pour un portrait miniature de Charles, alors Prince de Galles (1619).

Notes

  1. La date de 1667 inscrite sur son monument funéraire semble arronée puisque ses filles sollicitèrent une pension après sa mort en 1663. (Colvin)

Références

  • Howard Colvin, A Biographical Dictionary of British Architects, 1600-1840 3rd ed. (Yale University Press)1995.
  • Edward Croft-Murray and Paul Hulton, Catalogue of British Drawings in the British Museum, 1960, pp 328-30.
  • Lita-Rose Betcherman, "The York House Collection and its Keeper, " Apollo (London, October 1970)
  • Edward Chaney, "Notes towards a Biography of Sir Balthazar Gerbier", in E. Chaney, The Evolution of the Grand Tour, 2nd ed. (Routledge, 2000).

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