SERVILE
. adj. des deux genres
Qui appartient à l'état d'esclave, de domestique. Emploi servile. Homme de condition servile.   Il s'emploie figurément, et signifie, Bas, rampant. Une âme servile. Un esprit servile. Obéissance servile. Sentiments serviles. Complaisance servile. Flatterie basse et servile.   En termes de Théologie, Crainte servile, se dit par opposition à Crainte filiale.

SERVILE, signifie aussi, en termes de Littérature et d'Arts, Qui s'attache trop à l'imitation d'un modèle, ou à la lettre d'un original. Imitateur servile. Traducteur servile. On dit dans un sens analogue : Imitation servile. Copie servile. Traduction servile.

L'Academie francaise. 1835.

Regardez d'autres dictionnaires:

  • servile — [ sɛrvil ] adj. • mil. XIVe; lat. servilis 1 ♦ Didact. Propre aux esclaves et aux serfs, à leur état. Condition, travail servile. Théol. Œuvres serviles (opposé à libérales) : travaux manuels. 2 ♦ Fig. (plus cour.) Qui a un caractère de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Servile — Serv ile, a. [L. servile, fr. servus a servant or slave: cf. F. servile. See {Serve}.] 1. Of or pertaining to a servant or slave; befitting a servant or a slave; proceeding from dependence; hence, meanly submissive; slavish; mean; cringing;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • servile — Servile. adj. de tout genre. Qui appartient à l estat, à la fonction d un valet. Employ servile. homme de condition servile. On dit fig. Une ame, un esprit servile, pour dire, Une ame basse, un esprit qui a les sentimens, les manieres d agir d un …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • servile — late 14c., from L. servilis of a slave, servile, from servus slave (see SERVE (Cf. serve)). Earliest sense was legal, servile work being forbidden on the Sabbath; sense of cringing, fawning first recorded c.1600 …   Etymology dictionary

  • servile — [sʉr′vəl, sʉr′vīl΄] adj. [ME < L servilis < servus, slave: see SERF] 1. of a slave or slaves 2. like that of slaves or servants [servile employment] 3. like or characteristic of a slave; humbly yielding or submissive; cringing; abject 4.… …   English World dictionary

  • Servile — Serv ile, n. (Gram.) An element which forms no part of the original root; opposed to {radical}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • servile — I adjective abiectus, abject, compliant, deferential, downtrodden, fawning, groveling, harnessed, humble, humilis, ingratiating, low, mean, meek, menial, obedient, obeisant, obsequious, passive, prostrate, respectful, servilis, slavish, subject,… …   Law dictionary

  • servile — agg. [dal lat. servilis, der. di servus servo ]. 1. [di servo, proprio dei servi] ▶◀ schiavile. ◀▶ padronale. 2. a. (estens., spreg.) [di azione, comportamento, ecc., che asseconda la volontà altrui, spec. dei potenti, per viltà, interesse e… …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • servile — *subservient, menial, slavish, obsequious Analogous words: *mean, abject, ignoble: fawning, cringing, truckling, cowering (see FAWN) Antonyms: authoritative …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • servile — [adj] grovelling, subservient abject, base, beggarly, bootlicking, craven, cringing, despicable, eating crow*, eating humble pie*, fawning, humble, ignoble, low, mean, obedient, obeisant, obsequious, passive, slavish, submissive, sycophantic,… …   New thesaurus

  • servile — ► ADJECTIVE 1) excessively willing to serve or please others. 2) of or characteristic of a slave or slaves. DERIVATIVES servilely adverb servility noun. ORIGIN Latin servilis, from servus slave …   English terms dictionary

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